Report 2020

Poland on the way to SDGs
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International SDG ratings

Achievement of 17 Goals in the world

The 2030 Agenda defines 17 Sustainable Development Goals, which are very broad and inclusive of many aspects. This Report presents a small part of the issues and challenges included in the world plan. Is it then possible to make a general assessment of the progress towards the Goals? Such an attempt has been made by the Sustainable Development Solutions Network (UN SDSN) and the Bertelsmann Foundation, which have jointly prepared the Global SDG Index based on more than 100 sustainable development indicators. The Index allows an estimation of the extent to which the 2030 Agenda and its particular goals have been achieved, and a specification of the countries which have made the greatest progress towards them.

The results of the most recent analyses, published in the Sustainable Development Report 2020, indicate that OECD countries are the closest to attaining Sustainable Development Goals (reaching 77% of the goal implementation), whereas countries of the Oceania region are the farthest from this objective (they have only achieved 50% of the goals overall). Similar differences in the degree to which the 2030 Agenda has been fulfilled occur when dividing countries into those with high and low income; however, countries with low or medium income have made the greatest progress towards SDGs since the beginning of the decade, while the achievement of the most affluent countries in this area has been moderate.

Since the beginning of the decade, the following goals have been advanced to the largest extent worldwide: Goal 1. No poverty, Goal 9. Industry, innovation and infrastructure, and Goal 11. Sustainable cities and communities, whereas the attainment of Goal 2. Zero hunger and Goal 15. Life on land, has been the slowest; the situation has not improved (or has even deteriorated since 2010) in the area of food security and protection of land ecosystems. The Global SDG Dashboard, which complements the SDG Index and assesses how challenging the achievement of particular goals is, indicates that Goal 10. Reduce inequality, will be the most difficult for the world to attain. As regards other goals, the obstacles to their full implementation are scarcer and relatively less serious. The authors of the Report emphasize that the COVID-19 pandemic, which afflicted countries in 2020, will have a strongly negative impact on the process of advancing the 2030 Agenda, but it is still difficult to foresee the full scale of its effects on the global development.

Realization of 17 Goals worldwide – Global SDG Index (%)

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Oceania 50
Sub-Saharan Africa 53
Middle East and North Africa 66
East and South Asia 67
Latin America and the Caribbean 70
Eastern Europe and Central Asia 71
OECD members 77
Low-income Countries 52
Lower-middle-income Countries 62
Upper-middle-income Countries 73
High-income Countries 78

Achievement of 17 Goals in Poland

Poland, according to the Global SDG Index, has achieved 78% of the 2030 Agenda Goals overall, which puts it in 23rd place among 166 countries that were evaluated. However, the EU SDG Index, calculated jointly by the Sustainable Development Solutions Network (UN SDSN) and the Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP), formulates a slightly different assessment of the degree to which Poland has progressed in achieving the SDGs. This index takes into account over 100 indicators adjusted to specific challenges of sustainable development, which particular EU Member States have to face nowadays. According to the EU SDG Index, Poland has attained 70% of the Goals overall (which is only slightly less than the EU average of 71%), thus ranking 12th among all the EU Member States. Poland has achieved Goal 6. Clean water and sanitation, to the largest extent (89%), and Goal 9. Industry, innovation, and infrastructure, to the least extent (47%). According to the EU SDG Dashboard, which complements the SDG Index and shows the scale of challenges to be faced by countries on their way towards the particular goals, the attainment of Goal 13. Climate action, and Goal 14. Life below water, will pose the greatest difficulty for Poland. These goals concern the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and maintaining fish stocks at a renewable level, respectively. However, the Dashboard estimates that Poland is close to the full attainment of goals such as Goal 1. No poverty, Goal 4. Quality education, and Goal 8. Decent work and economic growth.

SDG Index for EU countries 2020 (%)

Data concern EU-27.

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European Union 71
Finland 81
Sweden 81
Denmark 80
Austria 77
Germany 75
Slovenia 74
France 73
Czechia 73
Estonia 72
Belgium 72
Netherlands 72
Slovakia 69
Ireland 69
Hungary 69
Latvia 68
Spain 68
Portugal 68
Italy 67
Croatia 66
Lithuania 64
Luxembourg 64
Malta 62
Greece 62
Cyprus 60
Romania 58
Bulgaria 56

The EU SDG Index has been expanded by the LNOB and Spillover indices both of which monitor the achievement of the basic principles laid out in the 2030 Agenda 2030, i.e. those whose fulfilment is necessary for this global plan to succeed. The LNOB (Leave No One Behind) principle, as its name suggests, is about the lack of discrimination. According to this principle, everyone (and especially persons in an unfavourable situation, who are not resistant to threats and are prone to marginalisation) should have the same chances for development guaranteed. The LNOB Index, then, shows the degree to which this principle has been fulfilled in the following four areas: poverty, income inequalities, universal access to high-quality services and gender equality. The Spillover Index, on the other hand, makes it possible to observe the positive or negative influence the changes in one country have on other countries, which is called the ‘spillover effect’. This index shows the outside costs of activities undertaken by countries, including the socio-economic and environmental effects, as well as the costs incurred by the maintenance of international security. Both of the above-mentioned indices assume values from 0 (the worst) to 100 (the best). The LNOB for Poland is 71, so similar to the EU average (72). The Spillover Index for Poland is also relatively high (reaching 85 while the EU average is 67), which means that activities undertaken by this country affect other countries positively much more often than negatively.

LNOB Index for EU countries 2020

Data concern EU-27.

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European Union 72
Finland 87
Netherlands 83
Sweden 82
Denmark 82
Austria 79
Slovenia 79
France 75
Germany 75
Belgium 74
Ireland 74
Spain 73
Luxembourg 73
Czechia 72
Estonia 72
Italy 69
Croatia 68
Malta 68
Slovakia 67
Portugal 66
Lithuania 64
Latvia 64
Hungary 63
Cyprus 61
Greece 58
Bulgaria 48
Romania 48

Spillover Index for EU countries 2020

Data concern EU-27.

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European Union 27 67
Romania 84
Hungary 82
Croatia 77
Slovakia 77
Latvia 75
Czechia 75
Greece 74
Estonia 74
Sweden 73
Portugal 72
Slovenia 72
Denmark 72
Italy 71
Bulgaria 70
Lithuania 69
Cyprus 67
Finland 67
Spain 66
Austria 63
Malta 63
Germany 62
France 58
Belgium 57
Ireland 56
Luxembourg 39
Netherlands 39

Raport 2020
Poland on the way to SDGs
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